Essential features of designating out-of-hospital cardiac arrest as a reportable event

Graham Nichol*, John Rumsfeld, Brian Eigel, Benjamin S. Abella, Darwin Labarthe, Yuling Hong, Robert E. O'Connor, Vincent N. Mosesso, Robert A. Berg, Barbara Bobbi Leeper, Myron L. Weisfeldt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations


The 2010 impact goal of the American Heart Association is to reduce death rates from heart disease and stroke by 25% and to lower the prevalence of the leading risk factors by the same proportion. Much of the burden of acute heart disease is initially experienced out of hospital and can be reduced by timely delivery of effective prehospital emergency care. Many patients with an acute myocardial infarction die from cardiac arrest before they reach the hospital. A small proportion of those with cardiac arrest who reach the hospital survive to discharge. Current health surveillance systems cannot determine the burden of acute cardiovascular illness in the prehospital setting nor make progress toward reducing that burden without improved surveillance mechanisms. Accordingly, the goals of this article provide a brief overview of strategies for managing out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. We review existing surveillance systems for monitoring progress in reducing the burden of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in the United States and make recommendations for filling significant gaps in these systems, including the following: 1. Out-of-hospital cardiac arrests and their outcomes through hospital discharge should be classified as reportable events as part of a heart disease and stroke surveillance system. 2. Data collected on patients' encounters with emergency medical services systems should include descriptions of the performance of cardiopulmonary resuscitation by bystanders and defibrillation by lay responders. 3. National annual reports on key indicators of progress in managing acute cardiovascular events in the out-of-hospital setting should be developed and made publicly available. Potential barriers to action on cardiac arrest include concerns about privacy, methodological challenges, and costs associated with designating cardiac arrest as a reportable event. (Circulation. 2008;117:2299-2308.)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2299-2308
Number of pages10
Issue number17
StatePublished - Apr 29 2008


  • AHA Scientific Statements
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Emergency medical services

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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