Essential patents and standard dynamics

Justus Baron*, Tim Pohlmann, Knut Blind

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    24 Scopus citations


    We analyze the rate and direction of technological progress of standards subject to declared standard-essential patents (SEP). We observe continuous and discontinuous changes in a sample of 3500 ICT standards. Standards including SEPs change significantly more often than other standards. This difference is particularly pronounced if ownership over patents is concentrated. Furthermore, standards subject to SEPs are characterized by a more continuous pattern of technological progress. While the existence of SEPs is correlated with a significantly higher number of continuous standard upgrades, standards subject to SEPs are much less likely to experience discontinuous standard replacements. In particular, standards are less likely to be replaced if the owners of the SEPs are relatively more specialized on the technological field of the standard.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1762-1773
    Number of pages12
    JournalResearch Policy
    Issue number9
    StatePublished - Nov 1 2016


    • Complex technologies
    • Cumulative innovation
    • Disruptive innovation
    • Incremental innovation
    • Standard-essential patents
    • Technology standards

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Strategy and Management
    • Management Science and Operations Research
    • Management of Technology and Innovation

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