Essential patents and standard dynamics

Justus Baron*, Tim Pohlmann, Knut Blind

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


We analyze the rate and direction of technological progress of standards subject to declared standard-essential patents (SEP). We observe continuous and discontinuous changes in a sample of 3500 ICT standards. Standards including SEPs change significantly more often than other standards. This difference is particularly pronounced if ownership over patents is concentrated. Furthermore, standards subject to SEPs are characterized by a more continuous pattern of technological progress. While the existence of SEPs is correlated with a significantly higher number of continuous standard upgrades, standards subject to SEPs are much less likely to experience discontinuous standard replacements. In particular, standards are less likely to be replaced if the owners of the SEPs are relatively more specialized on the technological field of the standard.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1762-1773
Number of pages12
JournalResearch Policy
Issue number9
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016


  • Complex technologies
  • Cumulative innovation
  • Disruptive innovation
  • Incremental innovation
  • Standard-essential patents
  • Technology standards

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


Dive into the research topics of 'Essential patents and standard dynamics'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this