Establishing relationships between the geometric structure and chemical reactivity of alloy catalysts based on their measured electronic structure

Neil Schweitzer, Hongliang Xin, Eranda Nikolla, Jeffrey T. Miller, Suljo Linic*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

While it is fairly straightforward to predict the relative chemical reactivity of pure metals, obtaining similar structure-performance relationships for alloys is more challenging. In this contribution we present experimental analysis supported with quantum chemical DFT calculations which allowed us to propose a simple, physically transparent model to predict the impact of alloying on the local electronic structure of different sites in alloys and on the local chemical reactivity. The model was developed through studies of a number of Pt alloys. The central feature of the model is that hybridization of d-orbitals in alloys does not lead to significant charge transfer between the constituent elements in the alloy, and therefore the width of the local density of d-states projected on a site, which is easily calculated from tabulated parameters, is an excellent descriptor of the chemical reactivity of the site.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)348-356
Number of pages9
JournalTopics in Catalysis
Volume53
Issue number5-6
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2010

Keywords

  • DFT
  • Metal alloys
  • Predictive model
  • Pt alloys
  • Relating geometric structures to reactivity
  • Structure-property relationships
  • XANES
  • d-band model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Chemistry(all)

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