Estimating 24-h urinary sodium/potassium ratio from casual ('spot') urinary sodium/potassium ratio: The INTERSALT study

INTERSALT Research Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Association between casual and 24-h urinary sodium-to-potassium (Na/K) ratio is well recognized, although it has not been validated in diverse demographic groups. Our aim was to assess utility across and within populations of casual urine to estimate 24-h urinary Na/K ratio using data from the INTERSALT Study. Methods: The INTERSALT Study collected cross-sectional standardized data on casual urinary sodium and potassium and also on timed 24-h urinary sodium and potassium for 10 065 individuals from 52 population samples in 32 countries (1985-87). Pearson correlation coefficients and agreement were computed for Na/K ratio of casual urine against 24-h urinary Na/K ratio both at population and individual levels. Results: Pearson correlation coefficients relating means of 24-h urine and casual urine Na/K ratio were r ¼ 0.96 and r ¼ 0.69 in analyses across populations and individuals, respectively. Correlations of casual urine Na/creatinine and K/creatinine ratios with 24-h urinary Na and K excretion, respectively, were lower than correlation of casual and 24-h urinary Na/K ratio in analyses across populations and individuals. The bias estimate with the Bland-Altman method, defined as the difference between Na/K ratio of 24-h urine and casual urine, was approximately 0.4 across both populations and individuals. Spread around, the mean bias was higher for individuals than populations. Conclusion: With appropriate bias correction, casual urine Na/K ratio may be a useful, low-burden alternative method to 24-h urine for estimation of population urinary Na/K ratio. It may also be applicable for assessment of the urinary Na/K ratio of individuals, with use of repeated measurements to reduce measurement error and increase precision.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1564-1572
Number of pages9
JournalInternational journal of epidemiology
Volume46
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2017

Keywords

  • 24-h urine
  • Casual urine
  • Individual estimate
  • Na/K ratio
  • Population estimate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology

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