Estimating Stimuli From Contrasting Categories: Truncation Due to Boundaries

Janellen Huttenlocher*, Larry V. Hedges, Stella F. Lourenco, L. Elizabeth Crawford, Bryce Corrigan

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this article, the authors present and test a formal model that holds that people use information about category boundaries in estimating inexactly represented stimuli. Boundaries restrict stimuli that are category members to fall within a particular range. This model posits that people increase the average accuracy of stimulus estimates by integrating fine-grain values with boundary information, eliminating extreme responses. The authors present 4 experiments in which people estimated sizes of squares from 2 adjacent or partially overlapping stimulus sets. When stimuli from the 2 sets were paired in presentation, people formed relative size categories, truncating their estimates at the boundaries of these categories. Truncation at the boundary of separation between the categories led to exaggeration of differences between stimuli that cross categories. Yet truncated values are shown to be more accurate on average than unadjusted values.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)502-519
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Experimental Psychology: General
Volume136
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2007

Keywords

  • Bayesian
  • boundaries
  • categories
  • estimation
  • truncation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Psychology(all)
  • Developmental Neuroscience

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