Objective: Regulation of fetoplacental blood flow is likely mediated by factors such as prostanoids. Estrogen and its receptors affect prostanoid biosynthesis. Previously, we demonstrated that villous endothelial cells express estrogen receptor-beta (ESR2), and we sought to determine its role in the mediation of fetoplacental vascular function. Study Design: Villous endothelial cells from uncomplicated pregnancies were isolated, cultured, and treated with estrogen. RNA interference, real-time polymerase chain reaction, Western blotting, and enzyme immunoassays were performed. Results: Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression levels were not altered consistently by estrogen. RNA interference of ESR2 led to a concomitant decrease in COX-2 messenger RNA (P < .0001) and protein (P < .05) in the presence and absence of estradiol. ESR2 knock-down also led to diminished prostacyclin and thromboxane concentrations in the absence of estradiol (P < .005). Conclusion: ESR2 mediates COX-2 expression levels and both prostacyclin and thromboxane concentrations in the basal state, which suggests the possibility of ligand-independent regulation of COX-2 activity and prostaglandin H2 substrate availability. Further investigation regarding ESR2 regulation of prostanoid biosynthesis and its effects on the fetoplacental vasculature is warranted.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American journal of obstetrics and gynecology|
|State||Published - Apr 2009|
- estrogen receptor-beta
- villous endothelial cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology