Estrogen receptor-related receptor α(ERRα) is an orphan member of the nuclear receptor superfamily of transcription factors. ERRα is highly expressed in the prostate, especially in prostate stromal cells. However, little is known about the regulation and function of ERRα, which may contribute to the progression of prostatic diseases. We previously found that prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) up-regulated the expression of aromatase in prostate stromal cells. Here we show that PGE2 also up-regulates the expression of ERRα, which, as a transcription factor, further mediates the regulatory effects of PGE2 on the expression of aromatase. ERRα expression was up-regulated by PGE2 in prostate stromal cell line WPMY-1, which was mediated mainly through the protein kinase A signaling pathway by PGE2 receptor EP2. Suppression of ERRα activity by chlordane (an antagonist of ERRα) or small interfering RNA knockdown of ERRα blocked the increase of expression and promoter activity of aromatase induced by PGE2. Overexpression of ERRα significantly increased aromatase expression and promoter activity, which were further augmented by PGE2. Chromatin immunoprecipitation assay demonstrated that ERRα directly bound to the aromatase promoter in vivo, and PGE2 enhanced the recruitment of ERRα and promoted transcriptional regulatory effects on aromatase expression in WPMY-1. 17β-Estradiol concentration in WPMY-1 medium was up-regulated by ERRα expression, and that was further increased by PGE2. Our results provided evidence that ERRα contributed to local estrogen production by up-regulating aromatase expression in response to PGE2 and provided further insights into the potential role of ERRα in estrogen-related prostatic diseases.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology