Ethanol consumption and the susceptibility of mice to Listeria monocytogenes infection

Joseph A. Salerno, Carl Waltenbaugh, Nicholas P. Cianciotto*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: It is well known that excessive alcohol consumption correlates with increased infectious disease. However, the molecular microbiological and immunological bases for ethanol-induced alterations in host defense are largely unknown. Methods: To study the effect of alcohol consumption on the pathogenesis of intracellular bacteria, we examined the relative susceptibility of alcohol-fed mice to a virulent strain of Listeria monocytogenes. Results: Based on lethal dose 50% determinations, survival curve analysis, and bacterial burden, alcohol consumption did not increase the susceptibility of C57BL/6, BALB/c, or A/J mice to systemic infection by strain EGD. Mice fed an ethanol-containing liquid diet showed slightly reduced susceptibility to Listeria. Alcohol consumption modestly decreased bacterial numbers in the spleen but not the liver. We also found that mice fed a typical solid diet were more sensitive to EGD infection than were animals fed a control liquid-containing diet. Conclusions: This study indicates that alcohol consumption may not always increase infectious disease progression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)464-472
Number of pages9
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Keywords

  • Alcohol Consumption
  • Host Defense
  • Listeria monocytogenes
  • Mouse
  • Pathogenesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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