Ethical and regulatory issues with conducting sexuality research with LGBT adolescents: A call to action for a scientifically informed approach

Brian Mustanski*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

162 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) adolescents experience disparities in mental and sexual health. There is also a lack of research on this population relative to other adolescents, which limits our ability to effectively address these health disparities. Researchers may unfortunately avoid conducting research with this population because of anticipated or actual experiences with difficulties in obtaining IRB approval. A case example is provided to illustrate the ethical and regulatory issues related to research with LGBT adolescents. Relevant U.S. federal and local regulations related to research on sexual and mental health with adolescents is then reviewed. Data are presented demonstrating that requiring parental consent for LGBT youth under age 18 would likely alter study result. Data are also presented on participants' appraisals of the risks and discomforts associated with research participation. The provision of such empirical data on the risks of research participation is consistent with the goal of moving the IRB process of risk/benefit assessment from being entirely subjective to being evidence-based. Finally, recommendations are provided on how to approach these issues in IRB applications and investigators are called to help to build a corpus of scholarship that can advance empirical knowledge in this area.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)673-686
Number of pages14
JournalArchives of Sexual Behavior
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2011

Keywords

  • Bisexuals
  • Ethics
  • Gay youth
  • Homosexuals
  • Institutional review boards
  • Lesbians

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychology(all)

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