Ethical challenges

Dave W Lu*, James G. Adams

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Ethical issues are present in every EMS clinician-patient encounter. They become more poignant in the prehospital setting where decisions often need to be made in a time-sensitive manner and without all the necessary information available. These unique aspects of prehospital care may make decisions surrounding complex ethical issues challenging and stressful for clinicians. EMS physicians and practitioners can nonetheless successfully manage common ethical dilemmas that arise in their practice with a thorough understanding of core ethical principles. This chapter presents specific prehospital situations in which ethical questions frequently arise and offers guidance to assist in decision making.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationClinical Aspects of EMS
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781119756279
ISBN (Print)9781119756248
StatePublished - Aug 18 2021


  • Confidentiality
  • Decision-making capacity
  • Error disclosure
  • Ethics
  • Informed consent
  • Professionalism
  • Prudent layperson standards

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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