Ethnic Differences Among Adolescents Beginning Treatment for Depression

Gabriela Livas Stein*, John F. Curry, Jacqueline Hersh, Alfiee Breland-Noble, John March, Susan G. Silva, Mark A. Reinecke, Rachel Jacobs

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examines ethnic/racial differences at the start of treatment among participants in the Treatment for Adolescents with Depression Study (TADS). African American and Latino youth were compared to Caucasian youth on symptom presentation and cognitive variables associated with depression. Contrary to hypothesis, there were no significant differences in symptom presentation as measured by the interview-based items of the Children's Depression Rating Scale - Revised (CDRS-R). However, African American and Latino youth were both rated as demonstrating more severe symptoms on the observational items of the CDRS-R compared to Caucasian youth. In terms of cognitive variables associated with depression, African Americans reported fewer negative cognitive biases compared to Caucasians, but cognitive biases were significantly correlated with depression severity across ethnic groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)152-158
Number of pages7
JournalCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
Volume16
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2010

Keywords

  • Latino and African American
  • cognitive variables
  • depression
  • ethnic differences

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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