Ethnic Disparities in Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Children and Adolescents

Martha L. Daviglus, Amber Pirzada, Linda Van Horn

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The pathogenesis of coronary atherosclerosis originates as early as childhood, and disparities in rates of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors among children have been previously documented. This review of recently published studies on race/ethnicity-specific burden of risk factors among US children/adolescents highlights the persistent racial/ethnic variations in prevalence of CVD risk factors, with sizeable burdens of CVD risk among all race/ethnic groups. Non-Hispanic Black children had the highest rates of high blood pressure and obesity, while Mexican American children had higher diabetes rates and lowest rates of ideal fasting glucose levels. Non-Hispanic White children had lower rates of high blood pressure and higher rates of physical activity, but they experienced higher burdens of adverse lipid levels and cigarette smoking than others. Comprehensive public health policies addressing CVD risk in childhood are needed to lower the future burden of CVD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number376
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalCurrent Cardiovascular Risk Reports
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2014


  • Adolescents
  • Cardiovascular risk factors
  • Children
  • Disparities
  • Race/ethnicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)


Dive into the research topics of 'Ethnic Disparities in Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Children and Adolescents'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this