Ethnic susceptibility to crowding: An Empirical Analysis

A. R. Gillis, Madeline A. Richard, John Hagan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Impressionistic evidence suggests that Asians, the British, and Southern Europeans differ in the way they view and adapt to the physical environment. This research examines differences in tolerance of population density across these ethnic categories. Using room density and design density as predictors, and psychological strain as an indicator or crowding, the data show that Asians are most tolerant of high density. Respondents of British origin seem least adaptable, and Southern Europeans are somewhere in between. The findings support the qualitative observations and hold when gender and socioeconomic status are included as controls. The data were drawn from a sample of adolescents in the Toronto Central Metropolitan Area.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)683-706
Number of pages24
JournalEnvironment and Behavior
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1986

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)


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