Etiology of orbital fractures at a level I trauma center in a large metropolitan city

Elizabeth Chiang*, Lily V. Saadat, Jared A. Spitz, Paul J. Bryar, Christopher B. Chambers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background/Purpose: Orbital fractures are a common facial fracture managed by multiple surgical specialties. Methods: A retrospective review of the electronic medical records of patients (age, 18-85 years) presenting to Northwestern Memorial Hospital and Northwestern Medical Faculty Foundation in Chicago, IL, USA with International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision codes for facial fractures or CPT (Current Procedural Terminology) codes for orbital fracture repair. Results: A review of the electronic medical records identified 504 individual incidents of orbital fractures with available imaging for review. The most common location for an orbital fracture was a floor fracture (48.0%) followed by a medial wall fracture (25.2%). Left-sided orbital fractures were statistically significantly more common than right-sided orbital fractures (99% confidence interval). Orbital fractures were more prevalent in younger age groups. The mean patient age was 39.3 years. The most common cause of all orbital fractures was assault followed by falls. However, falls were the most common cause of orbital fractures in women and in patients aged 50 years and older. Evaluation by an ophthalmologist occurred in 62.8% of orbital fracture patients, and evaluation by a team comprising the facial trauma service (Otolaryngology, Plastic Surgery, and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery) occurred in 81.9% of orbital fracture patients. Conclusion: Assault was the largest cause of all orbital fractures, and occurred most commonly in young males. Assaulted patients were more likely to have left-sided fractures compared to nonassaulted patients. In patients aged 50 years and older, falls were the most common cause of orbital fractures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26-31
Number of pages6
JournalTaiwan Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

Keywords

  • Diplopia
  • Entrapment
  • Orbital fracture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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