EUS and EUS-guided interventions alter clinical management in children with digestive diseases

Kevin Gordon, Jason Conway, Jerry Evans, John Petty, John E. Fortunato, Girish Mishra*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) ± fine needle aspiration (FNA) is a useful tool to evaluate gastrointestinal tract disorders in adults because of its established feasibility and safety. Its role in children has not been well established and continues to evolve. Our objective was to evaluate the utility and impact on clinical management of EUS and EUS-guided interventions in the pediatric population at our institution. Methods: Retrospective, single-center study including 43 patients undergoing EUS and EUS-FNA between August 2005 and January 2012. Results: Fifty-one EUS procedures were performed in 43 patients, 30 girls, median age 14.5 (range 4-18). The most common indications were suspected biliary obstruction in 11 of 51 (22%), pancreatic cysts in 10 of 51 (20%), acute or recurrent pancreatitis in 9 of 51 (18%), and abdominal pain in 8 of 51 (16%). The most common findings of EUS included normal 11 of 51 (22%), pancreas cyst 6 of 51 (12%), pancreatic pseudocyst 5 of 51 (10%), biliary system sludge or stones 9 of 51 (18%), and acute and chronic pancreatitis 5 of 51 (10%). EUS-FNA was performed in 13 cases: 7 solid masses or nodes, 4 pancreatic pseudocyst, 1 pancreatic cyst, and 1 celiac plexus block. FNA cyst drainage was successful in resolving all 4 pancreatic pseudocysts. EUS prompted a surgical procedure in 13 cases (25%), ERCP in 5 cases (10%), and repeat EUS in 5 cases (10%). EUS led to a new diagnosis in 34 of 43 (79%) patients and prompted further intervention in 24 of 51 (47%) procedures. Conclusions: In this large cohort study, we found that EUS and EUS-guided interventions assist in diagnosing and altering clinical management in pediatric patients and should be considered in cases with vexing pancreaticobiliary disorders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)242-246
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of pediatric gastroenterology and nutrition
Volume63
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 26 2016

Keywords

  • Children
  • Clinical utility
  • Endoscopic ultrasound
  • Fine-needle aspiration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Gastroenterology

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