Evaluating Accelerometry Thresholds for Detecting Changes in Levels of Moderate Physical Activity and Resulting Major Mobility Disability

W. Jack Rejeski*, Michael P. Walkup, Roger A. Fielding, Abby C. King, Todd Manini, Anthony P. Marsh, Mary McDermott, Emily Y. Miller, Anne B. Newman, Catrine Tudor-Locke, Robert S. Axtell

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: An important decision with accelerometry is the threshold in counts per minute (CPM) used to define moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA). We explore the ability of different thresholds to track changes in MVPA due to a physical activity (PA) intervention among older adults with compromised function: 760 CPM, 1,041 CPM, and an individualized threshold. We also evaluate the ability of change in accelerometry and self-reported PA to attenuate treatment effects on major mobility disability (MMD). Methods: Data from a week of hip worn accelerometers and self-reported PA data (30-day recall) were examined from baseline, 6-, 12-, and 24-months of follow-up on 1,528 older adults. Participants were randomized to either PA or Health Education (HE). MMD was objectively defined by loss of ability to walk 400 m during the follow-up. Results: The three thresholds yielded similar and higher levels of MVPA for PA than HE (p < .001), however, this difference was significantly attenuated in participants with lower levels of physical function. Self-reported PA that captured both walking and strength training totally attenuated the intervention effect for MMD, an 18% reduction to a 3% increase. Accelerometer CPMs showed less attenuation of the intervention effect. Conclusions: Accelerometry assessment within the LIFE study was not sensitive to change in level in physical activity for older adults with very low levels of physical function. A combination of self-report and objective measures are recommended for use in physical activity intervention studies of the elderly; limitations of accelerometry deserve closer attention.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)660-667
Number of pages8
JournalJournals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
Volume73
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 17 2018

Keywords

  • Accelerometry
  • LIFE-study
  • Mobility Disability
  • Older Adults
  • Thresholds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Evaluating Accelerometry Thresholds for Detecting Changes in Levels of Moderate Physical Activity and Resulting Major Mobility Disability'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Rejeski, W. J., Walkup, M. P., Fielding, R. A., King, A. C., Manini, T., Marsh, A. P., McDermott, M., Miller, E. Y., Newman, A. B., Tudor-Locke, C., & Axtell, R. S. (2018). Evaluating Accelerometry Thresholds for Detecting Changes in Levels of Moderate Physical Activity and Resulting Major Mobility Disability. Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 73(5), 660-667. https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glx132