Evaluating deep neural networks trained on clinical images in dermatology with the fitzpatrick 17k dataset

Matthew Groh, Caleb Harris, Luis Soenksen, Felix Lau, Rachel Han, Aerin Kim, Arash Koochek, Omar Badri

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

How does the accuracy of deep neural network models trained to classify clinical images of skin conditions vary across skin color? While recent studies demonstrate computer vision models can serve as a useful decision support tool in healthcare and provide dermatologist-level classification on a number of specific tasks, darker skin is under-represented in the data. Most publicly available data sets do not include Fitzpatrick skin type labels. We annotate 16, 577 clinical images sourced from two dermatology atlases with Fitzpatrick skin type labels and open-source these annotations. Based on these labels, we find that there are significantly more images of light skin types than dark skin types in this dataset. We train a deep neural network model to classify 114 skin conditions and find that the model is most accurate on skin types similar to those it was trained on. In addition, we evaluate how an algorithmic approach to identifying skin tones, individual typology angle, compares with Fitzpatrick skin type labels annotated by a team of human labelers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2021 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops, CVPRW 2021
PublisherIEEE Computer Society
Pages1820-1828
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781665448994
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2021
Event2021 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops, CVPRW 2021 - Virtual, Online, United States
Duration: Jun 19 2021Jun 25 2021

Publication series

NameIEEE Computer Society Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops
ISSN (Print)2160-7508
ISSN (Electronic)2160-7516

Conference

Conference2021 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshops, CVPRW 2021
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityVirtual, Online
Period6/19/216/25/21

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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