Evaluation and Management of Failed Bladder Reconstructions

Brian J. Jordan, Cristina Palmer, Stephanie J Kielb*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Bladder reconstructions are commonly performed in patients with neurogenic bladders with a high rate of complications. We seek to help guide the evaluation and management of these complications by reviewing the available data. Augmentation cystoplasty and concomitant procedures such as continent catheterizable channels, bladder neck closure, and bladder neck sling can provide long-term solutions for patients with poorly compliant, high-pressure bladders or refractory detrusor overactivity. While these techniques improve symptoms and protect against upper tract deterioration, patients are exposed to new risks including bladder perforation, increased malignancy rates, urolithiasis, surgical failures, and persistent symptoms. The overall rate of reoperation is high. Evaluation with urodynamics and endoscopy, when indicated, remain critical tools to protect this patient population. Use of clean intermittent catheterization has helped popularize bladder reconstructive surgery, but a strict regimen is required to minimize postoperative risks in the long term. Additionally, various surgical techniques can be utilized to manage complications after bladder reconstruction, and concurrent use of anticholinergics and onabotulinum toxin injections can further mitigate these reconstructive failures. Bladder reconstruction can provide excellent long-term solutions, but patients are at a high risk of long-term complications. Appropriate patient counseling, close follow-up, and timely evaluation are crucial in managing the long-term complications of bladder reconstruction surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)398-403
Number of pages6
JournalCurrent Bladder Dysfunction Reports
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2015

Keywords

  • Bladder augmentation
  • Bladder neck closure
  • Catheterization
  • Neurogenic
  • Postoperative complications
  • Urinary incontinence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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