The evaluation and treatment of children with neurogenic bladders can be difficult because of the complexity of the neurologic deficit and the subjectivity of the history and physical exam. The primary emphasis of the physicians caring for these children should be to preserve renal function and facilitate continence when possible. As knowledge of both normal and abnormal lower urinary-tract dynamics increases, so does the ability to care for children with abnormal bladder dynamics caused by various neurologic conditions. With recent advancements in medical and surgical treatment of the neurogenic bladder, most children can maintain adequate renal function and attain urinary continence. This article reviews the pertinent innervation, anatomy, and physiology of the lower urinary tract, and discusses current evaluation and treatment of children with neurogenic bladders.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Clinical Neurology