Evaluation of a novel absorbable mesh in a porcine model of abdominal wall repair

Alexei S. Mlodinow, Ketan Yerneni, Michelle E. Hasse, Todd Cruikshank, Markian J. Kuzycz, Marco F. Ellis*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Bioabsorbable meshes have seen increasing clinical use to reinforce soft tissue, and exist on a spectrum of strength loss versus absorption: several retain their strength for months, but remain in situ for years. Others lose strength fully by 6 weeks. An intermediate profile, with some strength for 3 -4 months, but consistent absorption in less than a year, may be an optimal balance of near-term support and long-term safety. In this large animal study, we evaluate such a mesh (DuraSorb, SIA), assessing its utility in a porcine model of abdominal wall repair. Methods: Two full-thickness defects were created in the abdominal walls of nine Yucatan swine via midline approach and repaired preperitoneally with either DuraSorb or long-lasting control mesh (TIGR, Novus Scientific). At 30 days, 3 months, and 1 year, the implantations were assessed by clinical pathology, post-necropsy histopathology, and burst strength testing. Results: No device-associated complications were found in vivo, at necropsy, or histologically. DuraSorb was well-integrated and vascularized by 30 days. DuraSorb demonstrated minimal/mild inflammation and fibroplasia, and lower inflammatory scores when compared with TIGR at all time points (P < 0.05). Burst strength of the repair sites was higher than adjacent abdominal wall at all time points (P < 0.05). Conclusions: DuraSorb provided durable long-term support, minimal inflammation, and consistent absorption in this porcine model of abdominal wall repair, as compared to a long-term control. Clinical data is needed, but these results suggest that this mesh provides adequate structural support while potentially reducing long-term device reactions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere3529
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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