Evaluation of ectopic bone by CT

E. L. Bressler, C. S. Marn, R. M. Gore, R. W. Hendrix

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


The CT appearance of ectopic bone and its maturation in 25 patients were correlated with the findings on radiographs and bone scans. Ossification progressed from an early appearance of soft-tissue density of lower attenuation than muscle to a calcific density paralleling radiographic and scintigraphic evidence of bone formation. Persistent unossified, low-density soft tissue was detected adjacent to mineralized areas of ectopic bone in 14 patients up to 16 years after neurologic injury, often with bone-scan evidence of maturity of the ectopic bone. This soft tissue most likely corresponds to immature, unossified connective tissue, which may have a potential for ossification. Detection of areas of soft-tissue density by CT and their avoidance during surgical resection of an ankylosing mass of ectopic bone may reduce intraoperative hemorrhage and postoperative ectopic bone recurrence.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)931-936
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Roentgenology
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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