Evaluation of Family Medicine Residency Programs for Diversity, Equity, and Inclusion Milestones

Santina J.G. Wheat*, Katherine M. Wright, A. Ildiko Martonffy, Suki Tepperberg, Paul A. Ravenna, John B. Waits, Fadya El Rayess

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background and Objectives: In 2020, the Association of Family Medicine Residency Directors (AFMRD) Diversity and Health Equity (DHE) Task Force developed and piloted a framework to measure diversity, equity, and inclusion (DEI) initiatives in medical residencies across five domains: curriculum, evaluation, institution, resident pathway, and faculty pathway. The objectives were (1) to measure DEI initiatives across multiple domains in family medicine residencies using the DEI milestones and (2) to obtain current national baseline data providing criteria against which to measure effectiveness of initiatives and create tailored benchmarks. Methods: We developed a cross-sectional survey of 12 quantitative residency characteristic items and the five DEI milestone ratings, and distributed the survey to program directors of family medicine residencies accredited by the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education in the spring of 2022. We generated descriptive statistics, including item frequencies and cross-tabulations, and completed subgroup comparisons with analysis of variance. Results: We collected aggregate milestone data for 194 family medicine residencies of 588 eligible programs (33% response rate). Respondents represented 48 states and US territories: 107 community-based, university-affiliated; 48 community-based; 34 university-based; and 5 military/other programs. Overall, the curriculum milestone was rated the highest (mean=2.54, SD=1.03), whereas the faculty pathway (mean=1.94, SD=1.04) and resident pathway (mean=2.02, SD=1.06) milestones were rated lowest. Conclusions: DEI milestone data may support residency programs as they assess their institution’s developmental progress across five key domains. Additionally, aggregate data may shed light on collective strengths and areas for improvement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)24-29
Number of pages6
JournalFamily medicine
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2024


  • diversity
  • evaluation
  • graduate medical education

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Family Practice


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