Evaluation of liver cell proliferation during ciprofibrate-induced hepatocarcinogenesis

A. V. Yeldandi*, M. Milano, V. Subbarao, J. K. Reddy, M. S. Rao

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Scopus citations


To determine if the carcinogenic potential of peroxisome proliferators is dependent upon their ability to induce cell proliferation, we have investigated the extent of cell proliferation in the livers of rats fed ciprofibrate, a peroxisome proliferator. Male rats were maintained on a diet containing ciprofibrate (0.025% w/w) and killed at selected intervals following 1 week of continuous [3H]thymidine labeling. Evaluation of labeling indices demonstrated a significant increase in cell proliferation during the first week but not in rats killed at the end of 5 and 20 weeks of treatment. Increases in hepatocyte nuclear labeling were found at 40 and 70 weeks of ciprofibrate administration which coincided with the appearance in livers of putative preneoplastic and neoplastic lesions. In a short-term feeding study, ciprofibrate and ethoxquin were fed to rats at a dietary concentration of 0.025% and 0.5%, respectively, either alone or in combination for 7 days. Ciprofibrate and ethoxyquin either alone or in com- bination produced marked hepatomegaly and a significant increase in DNA synthesis as demonstrated by [3H]thymidine incorporation and autoradiographic studies. DNA synthesis in the group receiving ciprofibrate and ethoxyquin simultaneously, was slightly more than in animals that received either compound alone, suggesting a synergistic effect, although chronic feeding of these agents together resulted in inhibition of liver carcinogenesis (Rao, M.S. et al. (1984) Cancer Res., 44, 1072-1076). The results of this study further suggest that cell pro-liferation induced by peroxisome proli-ferators may be less important in carcinogenesis than peroxisome proliferation induced by these compounds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-27
Number of pages7
JournalCancer Letters
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Sep 15 1989


  • DNA synthesis
  • ethoxyquin
  • hepatomegaly
  • peroxisome proliferation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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