Evaluation of Suspected Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunt Complications in Children

Peter Lee*, Arthur J DiPatri

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cerebrospinal fluid shunts are implanted devices used commonly to treat children with hydrocephalus. Before the development of this technology, children with hydrocephalus faced almost certain progressive neurological disability and eventual death. With continued technological advances and enhanced designs, shunts have improved the lives of many children, but the complications associated with these devices remain common and the adverse consequences of shunts continue to be a source of considerable morbidity in the children dependent upon them. Pediatricians, emergency medicine physicians, and other primary care providers are often the first to evaluate children when suspected shunt complications occur. An understanding of the common presentations and causes of shunt failure, along with the ability to recognize these complications promptly, has the potential reduce the risk of neurological injury and even death in these children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)76-82
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Pediatric Emergency Medicine
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2008

Keywords

  • cerebrospinal fluid shunt infections
  • cerebrospinal fluid shunts
  • emergency medicine
  • hydrocephalus
  • ventriculoperitoneal shunt
  • ventriculoperitoneal shunt complications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Emergency Medicine

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