Evaluation of the anterior cruciate ligament, medial collateral ligament, achilles tendon and patellar tendon as cell sources for tissue-engineered ligament

James A. Cooper, LeeAnn O. Bailey, Janell N. Carter, Cynthia E. Castiglioni, Michelle D. Kofron, Frank K. Ko, Cato T. Laurencin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

88 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigated four different connective tissue cell types to determine which cell type should be the source for seeding a tissue-engineered anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) replacement. Cells derived from the ACL, medial collateral ligament (MCL), achilles tendon (AT), and patellar tendon (PT) of New Zealand White rabbits were isolated and cultured. Each cell type was cultured in vitro after seeding on three-dimensional (3-D) braided polymer scaffolds and on tissue culture polystyrene that served as a control. Samples were evaluated and compared for their morphology, proliferation, and gene expression of fibronectin, type I and type III collagen. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) photomicrographs verified cell attachment of all four types of connective tissue fibroblasts to the scaffolds. Preliminary results comparing proliferation indicate that cells obtained from the PT and AT have the fastest proliferation. Whereas gene expression of the phenotypic markers measured using real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) indicates ACL cells have the highest gene expression for the matrix markers. This leads to the question of which cell type should be the cell source for tissue-engineering of ligament, the highly proliferating cells or the differentiated matrix producing cells. This study would suggest that ACL differentiated matrix producing cells are the most suitable cells for further study and development of a tissue-engineered ligament.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2747-2754
Number of pages8
JournalBiomaterials
Volume27
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2006

Keywords

  • Biomaterials
  • Ligament
  • Real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)
  • Scaffold
  • Tendon
  • Tissue engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomedical Engineering

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