Cardiac resynchronization therapy improves hemodynamics in selected patients with heart failure. Mechanic asynchrony parameters that may guide patient selection or therapy optimization are still being investigated. A biventricular (BiV) pacemaker was implanted in 34 patients with dilated ischemic, idiopathic, or valvular cardiomyopathy, and a QRS duration of ≥130 milliseconds. Two-dimensional standard and Doppler tissue echocardiography was performed during right ventricular (RV), left ventricular (LV), BiV, and no pacing in a random and blinded manner. LV and BiV pacing increased stroke volume (P < .02 for both) and ejection fraction (P < .001 for both). Regional contractility assessed by displacement, strain rate, and peak systolic strain was improved in some segments (P < .05) during LV and BiV pacing. A homogenization of segmental contractions was observed during LV and BiV pacing as evaluated by net systolic displacement and segmental myocardial performance index. LV and BiV pacing provides benefits that can be quantified by echocardiography.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography|
|State||Published - Aug 2004|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine