Event-related beta EEG changes induced by various neuromuscular electrical stimulation: A pilot study

Yun Zhao, Jun Yao*, Xiaoying Wu, Lin Chen, Xing Wang, Xin Zhang, Wensheng Hou*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Previous results demonstrated that neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) with various configurations could induce different activity at both the central and peripheral levels. Although NMES generating different peripheral movements have been studied, it is still unclear whether the difference in NMES-induced cortical activity is due to movement- or stimulation- related differences. Because NMES-induced cortical activity impacts motor function recovery, it is essential to know when NMES with various configurations evoke the same movement, whether the induced cortical activity is still different. Four NMES configurations: 1) Eight-let Frequency Trains, 2) Doublet frequency trains (DFT), 3) Constant-frequency trains with narrow-pulse, and 4) wide-pulse, were delivered to the right biceps brachii muscle in nine healthy young adults. We adjusted the intensities of these NMES to evoke the same elbow flexion and compared the cortical activities over sensorimotor regions. Our results showed that the four NMES patterns induced different beta-band Event-Related Desynchronization (ERD), with the DFT providing the strongest ERD value given the same NMES-induced elbow flexion (p < 0.05). This difference is possibly due to NMES with different configuration activated in the amount of afferent proprioceptive fibers. Our pilot study suggests that the NMES-induced beta-band ERD may be an additional factor to consider when selecting the NMES configuration for a better motor function recovery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9455431
Pages (from-to)1206-1212
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
StatePublished - 2021


  • Brain activity
  • Constant-frequency trains
  • Doublet frequency trains
  • Neuromuscular electrical stimulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • General Neuroscience
  • Internal Medicine
  • Biomedical Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Event-related beta EEG changes induced by various neuromuscular electrical stimulation: A pilot study'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this