Evidence and Challenges for Translation and Population Impact of the Diabetes Prevention Program

Ronald T. Ackermann*, Matthew J. O’Brien

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Purpose of Review: Type 2 diabetes is common, burdensome, and preventable. Landmark trials such as the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) demonstrated that resource–intensive lifestyle support interventions resulting in modest weight loss via healthy diet changes and physical activity can lower the rate of diabetes development by 58%. We performed a review of efforts to translate and implement DPP-like programs throughout the USA to identify challenges and opportunities for improvement. Recent Findings: For more than a decade, multiple stakeholders have worked to translate evidence-based principles of diabetes prevention to reach 84 million Americans with prediabetes. DPP-like programs have been delivered by over 1500 organizations, reaching almost 300,000 people, but this number represents less than 1% of the target population. Research has uncovered large gaps in efforts to diagnose, raise awareness, and provide access to DPP-like programs for adults with prediabetes, requiring further stakeholder engagement and coordination to resolve. Summary: Efforts to address prevailing gaps in diabetes prevention must address distinct and sometimes conflicting priorities and concerns of stakeholders. Our review recommends several areas of further research and action to improve type 2 diabetes prevention on a population scale.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number9
JournalCurrent diabetes reports
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2020


  • Diabetes prevention
  • Dissemination of evidence
  • Implementation challenges
  • Prediabetes
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


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