Hereditary predisposition to develop neuroblastoma (Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man 256700), a pediatric cancer of the sympathetic nervous system, segregates as an autosomal dominant Mendelian trait. We performed linkage analysis on seven families with two or more first-degree relatives affected with neuroblastoma to localize a hereditary neuroblastoma predisposition gene. A single interval at chromosome bands 16p12-13 was the only genomic region consistent with linkage (LODMAX = 3.30 at D16S764). Identification of informative recombination events in linked families defined a 28.0-cM region between D16S748 and D16S769 that cosegregated with the disease in each pedigree. Loss of heterozygosity was identified in 5 of 11 familial neuroblastomas and 68 of 336 nonfamilial neuroblastomas (20.2%) at multiple 16p polymorphic loci. A 14.5-cM smallest region of overlap of somatic deletions was identified within the interval defined by linkage analysis (tel-D16S500-D16S412-cen). Taken together, these data suggest that a hereditary neuroblastoma predisposition gene (HNB1) is located at 16p12-13 and that disruption of this gene may contribute to the pathogenesis of nonfamilial neuroblastomas.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Nov 15 2002|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research