Evidence for distinct human auditory cortex regions for sound location versus identity processing

Jyrki Ahveninen*, Samantha Huang, Aapo Nummenmaa, John W. Belliveau, An Yi Hung, Iiro P. Jääskeläinen, Josef P. Rauschecker, Stephanie Rossi, Hannu Tiitinen, Tommi Raij

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


Neurophysiological animal models suggest that anterior auditory cortex (AC) areas process sound identity information, whereas posterior ACs specialize in sound location processing. In humans, inconsistent neuroimaging results and insufficient causal evidence have challenged the existence of such parallel AC organization. Here we transiently inhibit bilateral anterior or posterior AC areas using MRI-guided paired-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) while subjects listen to Reference/Probe sound pairs and perform either sound location or identity discrimination tasks. The targeting of TMS pulses, delivered 55-145 ms after Probes, is confirmed with individual-level cortical electric-field estimates. Our data show that TMS to posterior AC regions delays reaction times (RT) significantly more during sound location than identity discrimination, whereas TMS to anterior AC regions delays RTs significantly more during sound identity than location discrimination. This double dissociation provides direct causal support for parallel processing of sound identity features in anterior AC and sound location in posterior AC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2585
JournalNature communications
StatePublished - 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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