Evolution of carbon fiber microstructure during carbonization and high-temperature graphitization measured in situ using synchrotron wide-angle X-ray diffraction

Michael Behr, James Rix, Brian Landes, Bryan Barton, Eric Hukkanen, Jasson Patton, Steven Weigand, Denis Keane

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper will discuss the structure-property model developed that correlates the tensile modulus to the elastic properties and angular distribution of constituent graphitic layers for carbon fiber derived from a polyethylene precursor. In addition, a high-temperature fiber tensile device was built to enable heating of carbon fiber bundles at a variable rate from 25 °C to greater than ∼2300 °C, while simultaneously applying a tensile stress. This capability combined with synchrotron wide-angle x-ray diffraction (WAXD), enabled observation in situ and in real time of the microstructural transformation from different carbon fiber precursors to high-modulus carbon fiber. Experiments conducted using PAN- and PE-derived fiber precursors reveal stark differences in their carbonization and high-temperature graphitization behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationState-of-the-Art Developments in Materials Characterization
EditorsYunseok Kim, Dongsheng Li, Ali Passian, Rozaliya Barabash, Ulrich Lienert, Vassilia Zorba, Klaus-Dieter Liss, Klaus-Dieter Liss, Masato Ohnuma, Renato Zenobi, Arda Genc, Aude Lereu, Olga Ovchinnikova, Liane G. Benning, Jeffrey D. Rimer, Laurene Tetard, Thomas Thundat
PublisherMaterials Research Society
Pages13-18
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781605117317
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
Event2014 MRS Fall Meeting - Boston, United States
Duration: Nov 30 2014Dec 5 2014

Publication series

NameMaterials Research Society Symposium Proceedings
Volume1754
ISSN (Print)0272-9172

Other

Other2014 MRS Fall Meeting
CountryUnited States
CityBoston
Period11/30/1412/5/14

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Behr, M., Rix, J., Landes, B., Barton, B., Hukkanen, E., Patton, J., Weigand, S., & Keane, D. (2016). Evolution of carbon fiber microstructure during carbonization and high-temperature graphitization measured in situ using synchrotron wide-angle X-ray diffraction. In Y. Kim, D. Li, A. Passian, R. Barabash, U. Lienert, V. Zorba, K-D. Liss, K-D. Liss, M. Ohnuma, R. Zenobi, A. Genc, A. Lereu, O. Ovchinnikova, L. G. Benning, J. D. Rimer, L. Tetard, & T. Thundat (Eds.), State-of-the-Art Developments in Materials Characterization (pp. 13-18). (Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings; Vol. 1754). Materials Research Society. https://doi.org/10.1557/opl.2015.636