Evolution of post-impact companion stars in SN IA remnants within the single-degenerate scenario

Kuo Chuan Pan*, Paul M. Ricker, Ronald E. Taam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations


The nature of the progenitor systems of Type Ia supernovae is still uncertain. One way to distinguish between the single-degenerate scenario and double-degenerate scenario is to search for the post-impact remnant star. To examine the characteristics of the post-impact remnant star, we have carried out three-dimensional hydrodynamic simulations of supernova impacts on main-sequence-like stars. We explore the evolution of the post-impact remnants using the stellar evolution code MESA. We find that the luminosity and radius of the remnant star dramatically increase just after the impact. After the explosion, post-impact companions continue to expand on a progenitor-dependent timescale of 102.5-103years before contracting. It is found that the time evolution of the remnant star is dependent not only on the amount of energy absorbed but also on the depth of the energy deposition. We examine the viability of the candidate star Tycho G as the possible remnant companion in Tycho's supernova by comparing it to the evolved post-impact remnant stars in our simulations. The closest model in our simulations has a similar effective temperature, but the luminosity and radius are twice as large. By examining the angular momentum distribution in our simulations, we find that the surface rotational speed could drop to 10 km s-1 if the specific angular momentum is conserved during the post-impact evolution, implying that Tycho G cannot be completely ruled out because of its low surface rotation speed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number21
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Nov 20 2012


  • binaries: close
  • methods: numerical
  • stars: evolution
  • supernovae: general
  • supernovae: individual (Tychos SN)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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