Evolution of reflexive and muscular mechanical properties in stroke-induced spasticity

M. M. Mirbagheri*, C. Tsao, K. Settle, W. Z. Rymer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

We studied the natural history of reflexive and mechanical properties in hemiparetic spastic stroke subjects. System identification techniques were used to characterize the mechanical abnormalities of the elbow joint and to identify the contribution of intrinsic and reflex stiffness to these abnormalities over one year post-injury. Modulation of intrinsic and reflex stiffness of the elbow joint was studied by applying PRBS perturbations to the elbow at different joint angles at five intervals following stroke. We found that both reflex and intrinsic stiffness were larger in the stroke than in the control arms. They were also strongly position dependent; they both increased with increasing elbow extension but reflex stiffness declined at full extension in some subjects. This position dependency was consistent during stroke recovery. Both intrinsic and reflex abnormally increased over time after stroke. These findings help better understanding of the origins of mechanical abnormalities associated with spasticity and document the time course of these abnormalities during stroke recovery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 2005 27th Annual International Conference of the Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, IEEE-EMBS 2005
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages4393-4395
Number of pages3
ISBN (Print)0780387406, 9780780387409
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2005
Event2005 27th Annual International Conference of the Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, IEEE-EMBS 2005 - Shanghai, China
Duration: Sep 1 2005Sep 4 2005

Publication series

NameAnnual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings
Volume7 VOLS
ISSN (Print)0589-1019

Other

Other2005 27th Annual International Conference of the Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, IEEE-EMBS 2005
Country/TerritoryChina
CityShanghai
Period9/1/059/4/05

Keywords

  • Elbow
  • Intrinsic
  • Reflex
  • Spasticity
  • Stiffness
  • Stroke
  • Time course

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

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