Evolution of stellar collision products in globular clusters. II. Off-axis collisions

Alison Sills*, Joshua A. Faber, James C. Lombardi, Frederic A. Rasio, Aaron R. Warren

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

73 Scopus citations

Abstract

We continue our exploration of collisionally merged stars in the blue straggler region of the color-magnitude diagram. We report the results of new smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) calculations of parabolic collisions between two main-sequence stars, with the initial structure and composition profiles of the parent stars having been determined from stellar evolution calculations. Parallelization of the SPH code has permitted much, higher numerical resolution of the hydrodynamics. We also present evolutionary tracks for the resulting collision products, which emerge as rapidly rotating blue stragglers. The rotating collision products are brighter, bluer, and remain on the main sequence longer than their nonrotating counterparts. In addition, they retain their rapid rotation rates throughout their mainsequence lifetime. Rotationally induced mixing strongly affects the evolution of the collision products, although it is not sufficient to mix the entire star. We discuss the implications of these results for studies of blue straggler populations in clusters. This work shows that off-axis collision products cannot become blue stragglers unless they lose a large fraction of their initial angular momentum. The mechanism for this loss is not apparent, although some possibilities are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)323-334
Number of pages12
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume548
Issue number1 PART 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 10 2001

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Keywords

  • Blue stragglers
  • Globular clusters: general
  • Hydrodynamics
  • Methods: numerical
  • Stars: evolution
  • Stars: rotation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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