Examining the efficacy of a genotyping-by-sequencing technique for population genetic analysis of the mushroom Lacearia bicolor and evaluating whether a reference genome is necessary to assess homology

Andrew W. Wilson*, Norman J. Wickett, Paul Grabowski, Jeremie Fant, Justin Borevitz, Gregory M. Mueller

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Given the diversity and ecological importance of Fungi, there is a lack of population genetic research on these organisms. The reason for this can be explained in part by their cryptic nature and difficulty in identifying genets. In addition the difficulty (relative to plants and animals) in developing molecular markers for fungal population genetics contributes to the lack of research in this area. This study examines the ability of restriction-site associated DNA (RAD) sequencing to generate SNPs in Laccaria bicolor. Eighteen samples of morphologically identified L. bicolor from the United States and Europe were selected for this project. The RAD sequencing method produced anywhere from 290 000 to more than 3 000 000 reads. Mapping these reads to the genome of L. bicolor resulted in 84000-940 000 unique reads from individual samples. Results indicate that incorporation of non-L. bicolor taxa into the analysis resulted in a precipitous drop in shared loci among samples, suggests the potential of these Chicago Holtum Garden, Plant Consenmtion Science, 1000 Lake Cook Road, Glencoe, Illinois 60022 methods to identify cryptic species. F-statistics were easily calculated, although an observable "noise" was detected when using the "All Loci" treatment versus filtering loci to those present in at least 50% of the individuals. The data were analyzed with tests of Hardy-Weinburg equilibrium, population genetic statistics (FIS and FST), and population structure analysis using the program Structure. The results provide encouraging feedback regarding the potential utility of these methods and their data for population genetic analysis. We were unable to draw conclusions of life history of L. bicolor populations from this dataset, given the small sample size. The results of this study indicate the potential of these methods to address population genetics and general life history questions in the Agaricales. Further research is necessary to explore the specific application of these methods in the Agaricales or other fungal groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)217-226
Number of pages10
JournalMycologia
Volume107
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

Keywords

  • Agaricales
  • Agaricomycetes
  • Fungi
  • GBS
  • RAD
  • Restriction-site associate DNA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Physiology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology

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