Background: Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) is a potential risk factor for hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP). Methods: We systematically reviewed three electronic databases for relevant articles published in English: PubMed, EMBASE and Web of Science. The Newcastle-Ottawa Scale was used to assess study quality. Random-effects meta-analyses were performed to supply a pooled estimation of the OR comparing the risk of HDP among healthy pregnant women with and without excessive GWG. Results: The pooled estimation for the association between excessive GWG and the risk of HDPs yielded an odds ratio (OR) of 1.79 (95% CI: 1.61-1.99). A subgroup analysis showed that women who had excessive GWG were more likely to have an HDP (OR 1.82; 95% CI 1.53-2.17), preeclampsia (OR 1.92; 95% CI 1.36-2.72), or gestational hypertension (OR 1.67; 95% CI 1.43-1.95). The pooled estimation for the association between excessive GWG and the risk of HDPs among pregestational normal weight women yielded an OR of 1.57 (95% CI 1.26-1.96). A subgroup analysis showed that women who had excessive GWG were more likely to have HDP (OR 1.45; 95% CI 1.09-1.92) or gestational hypertension (OR 1.51; 95% CI 1.22-1.86). The summary ORs of pre-gestational underweight women and pre-gestational overweight and obese women were 2.17 (95% CI 1.56-3.02) and 1.32 (95% CI 1.08-1.63), respectively. Conclusions: The findings of this study suggest that excessive GWG in accordance with the IOM recommendations influences the rate of HDP.
- Gestational weight gain
- Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy
- IOM recommendations
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Obstetrics and Gynecology