Executive Functions After Traumatic Brain Injury: From Deficit to Recovery

Irene Cristofori*, Jordan Henry Grafman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability and therefore an important health and socioeconomic problem for our society. TBI frequently causes executive function (EF) deficits, resulting in impaired cognitive control, mental flexibility, and planning. Extensive functional neuroimaging and lesion mapping evidence indicates that the prefrontal cortex plays a central role in EFs. Given the importance of EF in daily activities, developing effective rehabilitation methods that enhance brain plasticity and EF recovery after TBI is needed. In this chapter, we summarize current knowledge and controversies, focusing on EF impairments after TBI. We conclude by considering future directions for TBI-related EF research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationExecutive Functions in Health and Disease
PublisherElsevier Inc
Pages421-443
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)9780128037058
ISBN (Print)9780128036761
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Keywords

  • Brain lesions
  • Executive functions deficits
  • Executive functions recovery
  • Genetics
  • Neuroplasticity
  • Neuropsychological testing
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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  • Cite this

    Cristofori, I., & Grafman, J. H. (2017). Executive Functions After Traumatic Brain Injury: From Deficit to Recovery. In Executive Functions in Health and Disease (pp. 421-443). Elsevier Inc. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-803676-1.00018-0