Executive Functions After Traumatic Brain Injury

From Deficit to Recovery

Irene Cristofori*, Jordan Henry Grafman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability and therefore an important health and socioeconomic problem for our society. TBI frequently causes executive function (EF) deficits, resulting in impaired cognitive control, mental flexibility, and planning. Extensive functional neuroimaging and lesion mapping evidence indicates that the prefrontal cortex plays a central role in EFs. Given the importance of EF in daily activities, developing effective rehabilitation methods that enhance brain plasticity and EF recovery after TBI is needed. In this chapter, we summarize current knowledge and controversies, focusing on EF impairments after TBI. We conclude by considering future directions for TBI-related EF research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationExecutive Functions in Health and Disease
PublisherElsevier Inc
Pages421-443
Number of pages23
ISBN (Electronic)9780128037058
ISBN (Print)9780128036761
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

Fingerprint

Executive Function
Functional Neuroimaging
Prefrontal Cortex
Cause of Death
Rehabilitation
Traumatic Brain Injury
Health
Brain
Research

Keywords

  • Brain lesions
  • Executive functions deficits
  • Executive functions recovery
  • Genetics
  • Neuroplasticity
  • Neuropsychological testing
  • Traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Cristofori, I., & Grafman, J. H. (2017). Executive Functions After Traumatic Brain Injury: From Deficit to Recovery. In Executive Functions in Health and Disease (pp. 421-443). Elsevier Inc. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-803676-1.00018-0
Cristofori, Irene ; Grafman, Jordan Henry. / Executive Functions After Traumatic Brain Injury : From Deficit to Recovery. Executive Functions in Health and Disease. Elsevier Inc, 2017. pp. 421-443
@inbook{e7ba3f01a01c42a0b332a024cfc06651,
title = "Executive Functions After Traumatic Brain Injury: From Deficit to Recovery",
abstract = "Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability and therefore an important health and socioeconomic problem for our society. TBI frequently causes executive function (EF) deficits, resulting in impaired cognitive control, mental flexibility, and planning. Extensive functional neuroimaging and lesion mapping evidence indicates that the prefrontal cortex plays a central role in EFs. Given the importance of EF in daily activities, developing effective rehabilitation methods that enhance brain plasticity and EF recovery after TBI is needed. In this chapter, we summarize current knowledge and controversies, focusing on EF impairments after TBI. We conclude by considering future directions for TBI-related EF research.",
keywords = "Brain lesions, Executive functions deficits, Executive functions recovery, Genetics, Neuroplasticity, Neuropsychological testing, Traumatic brain injury",
author = "Irene Cristofori and Grafman, {Jordan Henry}",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/B978-0-12-803676-1.00018-0",
language = "English (US)",
isbn = "9780128036761",
pages = "421--443",
booktitle = "Executive Functions in Health and Disease",
publisher = "Elsevier Inc",

}

Cristofori, I & Grafman, JH 2017, Executive Functions After Traumatic Brain Injury: From Deficit to Recovery. in Executive Functions in Health and Disease. Elsevier Inc, pp. 421-443. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-803676-1.00018-0

Executive Functions After Traumatic Brain Injury : From Deficit to Recovery. / Cristofori, Irene; Grafman, Jordan Henry.

Executive Functions in Health and Disease. Elsevier Inc, 2017. p. 421-443.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

TY - CHAP

T1 - Executive Functions After Traumatic Brain Injury

T2 - From Deficit to Recovery

AU - Cristofori, Irene

AU - Grafman, Jordan Henry

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability and therefore an important health and socioeconomic problem for our society. TBI frequently causes executive function (EF) deficits, resulting in impaired cognitive control, mental flexibility, and planning. Extensive functional neuroimaging and lesion mapping evidence indicates that the prefrontal cortex plays a central role in EFs. Given the importance of EF in daily activities, developing effective rehabilitation methods that enhance brain plasticity and EF recovery after TBI is needed. In this chapter, we summarize current knowledge and controversies, focusing on EF impairments after TBI. We conclude by considering future directions for TBI-related EF research.

AB - Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability and therefore an important health and socioeconomic problem for our society. TBI frequently causes executive function (EF) deficits, resulting in impaired cognitive control, mental flexibility, and planning. Extensive functional neuroimaging and lesion mapping evidence indicates that the prefrontal cortex plays a central role in EFs. Given the importance of EF in daily activities, developing effective rehabilitation methods that enhance brain plasticity and EF recovery after TBI is needed. In this chapter, we summarize current knowledge and controversies, focusing on EF impairments after TBI. We conclude by considering future directions for TBI-related EF research.

KW - Brain lesions

KW - Executive functions deficits

KW - Executive functions recovery

KW - Genetics

KW - Neuroplasticity

KW - Neuropsychological testing

KW - Traumatic brain injury

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85032149060&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85032149060&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/B978-0-12-803676-1.00018-0

DO - 10.1016/B978-0-12-803676-1.00018-0

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9780128036761

SP - 421

EP - 443

BT - Executive Functions in Health and Disease

PB - Elsevier Inc

ER -

Cristofori I, Grafman JH. Executive Functions After Traumatic Brain Injury: From Deficit to Recovery. In Executive Functions in Health and Disease. Elsevier Inc. 2017. p. 421-443 https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-803676-1.00018-0