Executive functions, depressive symptoms, and college adjustment in women

Jana Wingo, Erica Kalkut, Elizabeth Tuminello, Josefina Asconape, S. Duke Han*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Many students have difficulty adjusting to college, and the contribution of academic and relational factors have been considered in previous research. In particular, depression commonly emerges among college women at this time and could be related to poor adjustment to college. This study examined the relationship between executive functions, depressive symptoms, and college adjustment in college women. Seventy-seven female participants from a midsize urban university completed the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence, College Adjustment Scale, Beck Depression Inventory-Second Edition, Behavior Rating Inventory of Executive Function-Adult Version, and four subtests from the Delis-Kaplan Executive Function System: the Trail-Making Test, Design Fluency Test, Verbal Fluency Test, and Color-Word Interference Test. After controlling for IQ score, hierarchical regression analyses showed that subjective and objective measures of executive functioning and depressive symptoms were significantly related to college adjustment problems in academic, relational, and psychological areas. The current study provides evidence for a relationship between cognitive abilities, psychiatric symptoms, and college adjustment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)136-144
Number of pages9
JournalApplied Neuropsychology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1 2013


  • College adjustment
  • D-KEFS
  • Depression
  • Executive functions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


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