Exercise training in a predominantly African-American group of stroke survivors

J. H. Rimmer*, B. Riley, T. Creviston, T. Nicola

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

94 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of a 12-wk exercise training program in a predominantly African-American group of stroke survivors with multiple comorbidities. Methods: A lag-control group design was employed to provide training to all participants (N = 35). Two 12-wk training iterations were arranged. Participants trained 3 d · wk-1 for 60 min · d-1 (cardiovascular, 30 min; strength, 20 min; flexibility, 10 min). Outcome measures included peak V̇O2 (mL · min-1, mL · kg-1 · min-1), maximal workload (MW), time to exhaustion (TTE), 10 RM on two LifeFitness strength machines, grip strength (GS), body weight (BW), total skinfolds (TS), waist to hip ratio (WHR), hamstring/low back flexibility (HLBF), and shoulder flexibility (SF). Results: Compared with controls, the exercise group showed significant gains in peak V̇O2 (P < 0.01), strength (P < 0.01), HLBF (P < 0.01), and body composition (BW and BMI, P < 0.05; TS, P < 0.01). There was no significant difference between exercise and controls on WHR, SF, and GS. Discussion: A supervised exercise training program for stroke survivors with multiple comorbidities was highly effective in improving overall fitness, potentially reducing the risk of further disease and disability. Greater effort must be made on the part of the public health community to increase access to community-based physical activity programs for persons with stroke.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1990-1996
Number of pages7
JournalMedicine and science in sports and exercise
Volume32
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CVA
  • Cerebrovascular accident
  • Disability
  • Exercise training
  • Health promotion
  • Physical activity
  • Physical fitness
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

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