Exercising with an automated insulin delivery system: qualitative insight into the hopes and expectations of people with type 1 diabetes

Sarah S. Collard*, Pramod R. Regmi, Korey K. Hood, Lori Laffel, Jill Weissberg-Benchell, Diana Naranjo, Katharine Barnard-Kelly

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


For people with type 1 diabetes (T1DM), regular exercise can be highly beneficial. Although exercise has been shown to improve quality of life and health for people living with T1DM, there are common barriers. To examine such issues, we explored the perceived impact that automated insulin delivery systems could have on people with T1DM and their families. One common theme found was hopes, expectations and impact on sports and exercise. Four sites (United States: three; UK: one) were involved in this study. Two hundred and eighty-four participants were recruited across all sites; participants comprised: children (9–11 years); adolescents (12–18 years); parents/caretakers of children and adolescents with T1DM; adults with T1DM (18–77 years); and their significant others/partners. Between May and December 2015, focus groups and semi-structured interviews were conducted and analysed using content analysis. Three themes found related to the benefits of automated insulin delivery systems: (a) more freedom and spontaneity in the individual's ability to exercise; (b) relief from worry of hypoglycaemia as a result of exercise; (c) removing the ‘guesswork’ of adjusting insulin for exercise. Two further themes emerged relating to potential concerns with regard to safely exercising while wearing an automated insulin delivery system. Further research is encouraged with a view to providing accurate algorithms and increasing confidence for those using automated insulin delivery systems and, in turn, for their exercise colleagues and loved ones.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-23
Number of pages5
JournalPractical Diabetes
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020


  • automated insulin delivery system
  • exercise
  • physical activity
  • qualitative research
  • type 1 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism


Dive into the research topics of 'Exercising with an automated insulin delivery system: qualitative insight into the hopes and expectations of people with type 1 diabetes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this