Exome sequencing of a pedigree reveals S339L mutation in the TLN2 gene as a cause of fifth finger camptodactyly

Hao Deng, Sheng Deng, Hongbo Xu, Han Xiang Deng, Yulan Chen, Lamei Yuan, Xiong Deng, Shengbo Yang, Liping Guan, Jianguo Zhang, Hong Yuan, Yi Guo

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9 Scopus citations


Camptodactyly is a digit deformity characterized by permanent flexion contracture of one or both fifth fingers at the proximal interphalangeal joints. Though over 60 distinct types of syndromic camptodactyly have been described, only one disease locus (3q11.2-q13.12) for nonsyndromic camptodactyly has been identified. To identify the genetic defect for camptodactyly in a four-generation Chinese Han family, exome and Sanger sequencings were conducted and a missense variant, c.1016C>T (p.S339L), in the talin 2 gene (TLN2) was identified. The variant co-segregated with disease in the family and was not observed in 12 unaffected family members or 1,000 normal controls, suggesting that p.S339L is a pathogenic mutation. Two asymptomatic carriers in the family indicated incomplete penetrance or more complicated compensated mechanism. Most of p.S339L carriers also have relatively benign cardiac phenotypes. Expression of wild and mutant TLN2 in HEK293 cells suggested the predominant localization in cytoplasm. Our data suggest a potential molecular link between TLN2 and camptodactyly pathogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0155180
JournalPloS one
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences
  • General
  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


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