Expanding the Cage of 2D Bromide Perovskites by Large A-Site Cations

Xiaotong Li, Shelby A. Cuthriell, Ashanti Bergonzoni, Hao Dong, Boubacar Traoré, Constantinos C. Stoumpos, Peijun Guo, Jacky Even, Claudine Katan, Richard D. Schaller, Mercouri G. Kanatzidis*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Two-dimensional (2D) halide perovskites have outstanding optoelectronic properties, and they feature a variety of organic cation spacers and cage A-site cations that can be incorporated into their structures. It has recently been reported that the Goldschmidt tolerance factor can be relaxed and expanded in iodide 2D perovskites. Bromide 2D perovskites, whose multilayer structures and optical properties are much less studied, provide a great platform for studying structure-property relationships for 2D perovskites with large A-site cations. Herein, we report the synthesis and structure of three new 2D bromide perovskites-(BA)2(MHy)2Pb3Br10 (BA, butylammonium; MHy, methylhydrazinium), (BA)2(EA)2Pb3Br10 (EA is ethylammonium), and (BA)2(DMA)Pb2Br7 (DMA is dimethylammonium). We compared them with other 2D perovskites with different A-site cations but with the same spacer and layer thickness. Single-crystal structures show that the Pb-Br bonds are elongated to accommodate the large A-site cations. Additionally, the octahedra in (BA)2(MHy)2Pb3Br10 and (BA)2(EA)2Pb3Br10 are highly distorted, and their different stacking patterns of the inner and outer layers lead to the formation of the n = 3 phases. Density functional theory calculations show that 2D perovskites with larger A-site cations (e.g., DMA, MHy, and EA) have smaller band dispersions and larger effective masses than those with Cs+ and MA. (BA)2(MHy)2Pb3Br10 also exhibits one of the largest Rashba splittings in the literature. Structures with large cage cations also exhibit high band gaps within the same n number and short photoluminescence (PL) lifetimes. Temperature- and power-dependent PL measurements reveal that the broad shoulder in the PL peak originates from the trap states.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1132-1142
Number of pages11
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 8 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Materials Chemistry


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