Experimental and analytical study of micro-serrations on surgical blades

Marco Giovannini, Newell Moser, Kornel Ehmann

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper reports on a study and application of laser ablation for machining of micro-serrations on surgical blades. The proposed concept is inspired by nature and mimics a mosquito's maxilla, which is characterized by a number of serrations along its edge in order to painlessly penetrate human skin and tissue. The focus of this study is to investigate the maxilla's penetration mechanisms and its application to commercial surgical blades. The fundamental objective is to understand the friction and cutting behavior between a serrated hard surface and soft materials, as well as to identify serration patterns that would minimize the cutting force and the friction of the blade during tissue cutting. Micro-serrations characterized by different patterns and sizes ranging from 200 μm to 400 μm were designed and manufactured on surgical blades. As supported by finite element methods (FEM), a reduction of 20~30% in the force during blade cutting has been achieved, which encourages further studies and their applications to biomedical devices.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdvanced Fabrication and Manufacturing; Emerging Technology Frontiers; Energy, Health and Water- Applications of Nano-, Micro- and Mini-Scale Devices; MEMS and NEMS; Technology Update Talks; Thermal Management Using Micro Channels, Jets, Sprays
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers
ISBN (Electronic)9780791856901
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015
EventASME 2015 International Technical Conference and Exhibition on Packaging and Integration of Electronic and Photonic Microsystems, InterPACK 2015, collocated with the ASME 2015 13th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels - San Francisco, United States
Duration: Jul 6 2015Jul 9 2015

Publication series

NameASME 2015 International Technical Conference and Exhibition on Packaging and Integration of Electronic and Photonic Microsystems, InterPACK 2015, collocated with the ASME 2015 13th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
Volume3

Other

OtherASME 2015 International Technical Conference and Exhibition on Packaging and Integration of Electronic and Photonic Microsystems, InterPACK 2015, collocated with the ASME 2015 13th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period7/6/157/9/15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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