The bond dissociation enthalpy for the Cr-C2Cl4 bond in gas-phase Cr(CO)5(C2Cl4) has been determined to be 12.8 ± 1.6 kcal/mol using transient infrared spectroscopy. The results of a density functional theory-based energy decomposition analysis are used to quantify the metal-olefin bonding interactions in terms of the bonding description provided by the Dewar-Chatt-Duncanson model (σ donation and back-bonding). The bond energy decomposition analysis reveals that metal-olefin bond strengths can be strongly influenced by the Pauli repulsion energy and by the energy necessary to deform the olefin and the metal-centered moiety from their equilibrium geometries to their geometry in the final complex. Further, a comparison between the metal-olefin bond strengths and the magnitude of the electronic interactions demonstrates that the energy associated with these deformations is the determining factor in the trends in bond enthalpies in the series of complexes Cr(CO)5(C2X4) (X = H, F, Cl). Though deformation of the Cr(CO)5 moiety contributes to the overall deformation energy, the major contribution involves deformation of the olefin. This occurs as a consequence of rehybridization of the olefin as a result of metal-olefin back-bonding. The results are discussed in terms of the Dewar-Chatt-Duncanson model, which provides the accepted qualitative description of bonding in organometallic olefin complexes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry