High-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) and ab initio quantum-mechanical calculations of electronic structure were combined to investigate the structure of the hydroxyapatite (HA) (0. 1. 0) surface, which plays an important role in HA interactions with biological media. HA was synthesized by in vitro precipitation at 37 °C. HRTEM images revealed thin elongated rod nanoparticles with preferential growth along the [0. 0. 1] direction and terminations parallel to the (0. 1. 0) plane. The focal series reconstruction (FSR) technique was applied to develop an atomic-scale structural model of the high-resolution images. The HRTEM simulations identified the coexistence of two structurally distinct terminations for (0. 1. 0) surfaces: a rather flat Ca(II)-terminated surface and a zig-zag structure with open OH channels. Density functional theory (DFT) was applied in a periodic slab plane-wave pseudopotential approach to refine details of atomic coordination and bond lengths of Ca(I) and Ca(II) sites in hydrated HA (0. 1. 0) surfaces, starting from the HRTEM model.
- Surface analysis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry