We experimentally employ importance sampling techniques using three programmable DGD elements to obtain rare PMD events with probabilities as low as 10 -24 with only 1000 random samples. Our method does not require deterministic control of the polarization coupling between sections.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||2|
|State||Published - Dec 1 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering