Experimental studies of wettability control on cylindrical surfaces by elliptical vibration texturing

Yong Lu, Ping Guo*, Pucheng Pei, Kornel F. Ehmann

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


A vibration-assisted machining method is proposed in this paper to generate different micro-structured surfaces on cylindrical surfaces and thus to control surface wettability. The proposed machining method, the elliptical vibration texturing process, utilizes vibrations/modulations of the cutting depth at an ultrasonic frequency for fast generation of micro-structured surfaces. The configuration and dimensions of these micro-structures, which play a crucial role in the surface’s wettability, can be controlled by carefully choosing the process parameters. Examples of micro-dimple arrays, micro-channels, and grid patterns of different densities, depths, and feature lengths were demonstrated. The resultant water contact angles from different types of micro-structures were measured and compared to establish a relationship between surface wettability and process parameters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1807-1817
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
Issue number9-12
StatePublished - Feb 2015


  • Elliptical vibration texturing
  • Micro-channels
  • Micro-dimples
  • Surface generation
  • Wettability control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Software
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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