Expertise in applied studio teaching: Teachers working with multiple levels of learners

Jennifer Blackwell*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


One-to-one lessons are ubiquitous in music education, and thus understanding the components of effective teaching in this environment is essential for student learning. This study explored whether the teaching elements identified in previous studies were evident with applied music teachers working with both college and pre-college students, and if those elements differed as a function of the level of the students. In addition, these teachers were asked to provide commentary on what they deemed important to effective studio teaching. I examined video recordings of 18 lessons given by two applied teachers who had received formal recognition for outstanding teaching. Many of the observations in this study were consistent with previous findings; however, higher rates of low magnitude positive feedback and student errors that did not elicit stops were present. One element regarding physical proximity was added. The findings indicate important differences in the way these teachers approach students at different levels, particularly regarding side coaching during performance, teacher modeling, feedback, and correction of errors. Participants also emphasized the importance of rapport and positive relationships.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)283-298
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Music Education
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 1 2020


  • Effective teaching
  • expertise
  • rapport
  • studio teaching
  • teaching behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Music


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