Exploratory study on association of genetic variation in TBC1D1 with antipsychotic-induced weight gain

Eva J. Brandl, Arun K. Tiwari, Tristram A. Lett, Sajid A. Shaikh, Jeffrey A. Lieberman, Herbert Y. Meltzer, James L. Kennedy, Daniel J. Müller*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Background Previous studies have shown that antipsychotics with high propensity for antipsychotic-induced weight gain (AIWG) influence glucose transporter type 4 (GLUT4) mediated glucose intake. Variation in the gene encoding TBC1 domain family member 1 (TBC1D1), a Rab-GTPase activating protein regulating GLUT4 trafficking, has been associated with obesity. Therefore, we investigated the impact of TBC1D1 polymorphisms on AIWG. Methods We analyzed rs9852 and rs35859249 in TBC1D1 in 195 schizophrenia subjects treated mostly with clozapine or olanzapine for up to 14 weeks. Association was tested using analysis of variance and analysis of covariance with change (%) from baseline weight as the dependent variable. Results Analysis of covariance showed a non-significant trend for lower weight gain in carriers of the T-allele of rs9852 than in C-allele homozygotes (p = 0.063). This effect was more pronounced in the subgroup of patients treated with clozapine or olanzapine (p = 0.024). For rs35859249, no significant association with AIWG could be detected. Conclusions This is the first study examining the association between TBC1D1 and AIWG. The moderate association of rs9852, located in the 3′UTR near a miRNA binding site, indicates an influence of TBC1D1 on AIWG. Further investigations remain necessary to elucidate the role of this gene in AIWG.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-187
Number of pages5
JournalHuman Psychopharmacology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2013


  • TBC1D1
  • antipsychotic-induced weight gain
  • clozapine
  • glucose metabolism
  • olanzapine
  • pharmacogenetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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