Exploring 1,2-hydrogen shift in silicon nanoparticles: Reaction kinetics from quantum chemical calculations and derivation of transition state group additivity database

Andrew J. Adamczyk, Marie Francoise Reyniers, Guy B. Marin, Linda J Broadbelt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

Accurate rate coefficients for 35 1,2-hydrogen shift reactions for hydrides containing up to 10 silicon atoms have been calculated using G3//B3LYP. The overall reactions exhibit two distinct barriers. Overcoming the first barrier results in the formation of a hydrogen-bridged intermediate species from a substituted silylene and is characterized by a low activation energy. Passing over the second barrier converts this stable intermediate into the double-bonded silene. Values for the single event Arrhenius pre-exponential factor, Ã, and the activation energy, Ea, were calculated from the G3//B3LYP rate coefficients, and a group additivity scheme was developed to predict à and Ea. The values predicted by group additivity are more accurate than structure/reactivity relationships currently used in the literature, which rely on a representative à value and the Evans-Polanyi correlation to predict Ea. The structural factors that have the most pronounced effect on à and Ea were considered, and the presence of rings was shown to influence these values strongly.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10933-10946
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume113
Issue number41
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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