Accurate rate coefficients for 35 1,2-hydrogen shift reactions for hydrides containing up to 10 silicon atoms have been calculated using G3//B3LYP. The overall reactions exhibit two distinct barriers. Overcoming the first barrier results in the formation of a hydrogen-bridged intermediate species from a substituted silylene and is characterized by a low activation energy. Passing over the second barrier converts this stable intermediate into the double-bonded silene. Values for the single event Arrhenius pre-exponential factor, Ã, and the activation energy, Ea, were calculated from the G3//B3LYP rate coefficients, and a group additivity scheme was developed to predict Ã and Ea. The values predicted by group additivity are more accurate than structure/reactivity relationships currently used in the literature, which rely on a representative Ã value and the Evans-Polanyi correlation to predict Ea. The structural factors that have the most pronounced effect on Ã and Ea were considered, and the presence of rings was shown to influence these values strongly.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry